Grass and flowers sourced locally - Science DailyWednesday, October 5, 2016
The team tested whether this hypothesis is correct in a second study. To do so, the researchers sowed the seven species from the eight regions in Freising, Tübingen, Halle (Saale) and Münster, and observed how well they grew, and when they flowered. "In the case of many of the grassland species examined, it was indeed the case that plants that had the same regional origin grew better," reported Dr. Anna Bucharova and Prof. Oliver Bossdorf from the University of Tübingen. For example, on average, regional plants produced seven percent more biomass and ten percent more inflorescences than members of the same species that came from other regions of origin.
Reactions to climate change
Even the unusually warm temperatures in summer 2013, when the tests were carried out, had no effect on the test results. Critics of the regional seed concept often argue that it is not future-proof in a time of climate change: their argument is that, as temperatures increase, plants from the south are more likely to succeed than plants from the same region. However, the researchers found no indicators that this is the case: although temperatures in the experimental gardens in 2013 were 1.5 to two degrees above the average, calculated over many years, the plants from warmer regions had no advantage. This may be due to the fact that it is not only the temperature that is the decisive factor in whether growth is better or worse. The length of the days, or the composition of the microbial communities at the particular location, might also play an important role. If the regional plants are better adapted to suit such factors, then they can obviously also make use of their inherent relative strengths in warm years.
Yet it was not only the plant itself that profited from its adaptation to regional conditions. The researchers also discovered that the individual variants also flower at different times. Brown knapweed of different origins flowered up to 17 days apart. In the case of white bedstraw the difference was as much as 23 days. "From an ecological point of view, that is a huge difference," said Anna Bucharova. It should also be remembered that many animal species, from the pollinators to the inhabitants of the flower heads to the seed eaters, operate on the time plan that is usual for the region. "Scientifically, there is a real danger that this entire ecosystem could get into difficulties if plants from a different region flowered at the wrong time," she said. This is yet another reason for fostering the use of seed originating from the same region.
How Can Nazis Be on the March in Germany? - TruthoutTuesday, April 23, 2019
We will come to power and then we will do what is necessary so that we can live a free life in the future. We tell the Bosporus that the three big Ms — Mohammed, Muezzin and Minerett — are over.” In Bavaria, the AfD is campaigning for “Islam-free schools.”
But Islamophobia isn’t isolated to the AfD. The CSU’s Horst Seehöfer stated in February that “Islam does not belong in Germany.” Meanwhile, Thilo Sarrazin, a well-known leader of the Social Democratic Party (SPD), is on a book tour for his Hostile Takeover: How Islam Impairs Progress and Threatens Society.
Other Islamophobic initiatives range from Chancellor Merkel’s support for banning the burka to local court battles over religious symbols in schools. A Berlin court upheld the decision to remove a public school teacher for wearing her hijab to school. Now, “feminist” groups want to a href="https://www.welt.de/politik/...https://truthout.org/articles/how-can-nazis-be-on-the-march-in-germany/
A German village goes it alone on climate protection - DW (English)Tuesday, April 23, 2019
The local grocery store in Grafenaschau looks like most other buildings in the tiny Bavarian village. It has a large pitched roof with broad eaves and is half timber, half stone. The style is as typical as lederhosen, wheat beer and white sausage in this particular part of Germany. "It's Alpine but not 'yodel style.' We didn't want it to be really over-the-top Bavarian," jokes Hubert Mangold, as he heartily greets people on his way into the store. He's diplomatically referring to kitschier houses with brightly painted shutters, where everything's just a bit too much. But it's not just the style of the building that reflects the strong sense of custom and regional identity in the southern German state of Bavaria. Most of the products on offer are from nearby and are produced organically using traditional methods. Dressed casually in denim shorts and a plaid shirt, Mangold, who is the local mayor, points out locally sourced "hay-milk," schnapps and liquor from a nearby distillery, regional, in-season fruit and vegetables, and "in demand" traditionally milled f...https://www.dw.com/en/a-german-village-goes-it-alone-on-climate-protection/a-48030126
The Dandelion Windfall - Canada Free PressTuesday, April 23, 2019
Guess what: it could turn into a real windfall for you!Dandelion ButterAs you may not know yet, I grew up in the “Land of Happy Cows” (LOHCs), i.e. the western part of southern Bavaria. In spring, the meadows there are a solid yellow with flowering dandelion plants. They are so abundant that the butter and cheese produced from the cows grazing in those fields develop a decidedly yellow color, caused by the chemical known as “beta-carotene.” It’s related to the orange color-producing substance in carrots, hence its name.Believe me, after a long winter of having to live on hay from last year’s harvests, when the season turns to spring and the dandelions are blooming, the cows are really happy then. They take to the solidly dandelion-yellow meadows in force and produce plenty of milk that is the source of the then (once again) yellow butter.For decades, the European Union countries, collectively produced a “butter mountain,” meaning a large excess that could not be consumed there. But this could change soon, when butter turns to rubber (don’t take it literally).But first to Traditional RubberAs you may know, upon injury of the leaves or bark, a variety of plants exude a viscous milky white liquid that tends to polymerize on contact with air into a rubbery blob. Of course, that’s the way much of the world’s natural rubber came into existence and is still an important agricultural product to this day. The plant that has been the source of much of the world’s “latex” that, upon exposure to air, turns into raw rubber, known as kautchuk, or caoutchouc, or India rubber, is the “rubber tree” (Hevea brasiliensis, Euphorbiaceae).Native to South America, the rubber tree was introduced to South and South-East Asia well over one-hundred years ago and that region now produces much of the world’s raw rubber.Now, to Synthetic RubberIn WWII, when the demand for rubber products increased sharply and (Germany’s) access to the natural product became limited, chemists developed the synthetic rubber, then known as Buna rubber. Its basic constituent is the small molecule isoprene that can be polymerized into rubber of excellent properties. In fact, much of today’s car tires and many other rubber products rely on that synthetic material, both for c...https://canadafreepress.com/article/the-dandelion-windfall
2 dead, more than a dozen injured after trains collide in Germany - New York Post Sunday, March 3, 2019
He said the driver of the cargo train was uninjured. Authorities are investigating the cause of the crash.
In a separate incident in Bavaria, two people were killed Monday when a train hit their car at a crossing near Lake Starnberg.
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